Types of Flooring Materials: How To Know Which One To Choose

If you’re planning to renovate your home or build a new one, one of the most important decisions you’ll have to make is what type of flooring material to use. Flooring is not only a functional part of your home, but also a decorative element that can enhance its style and ambiance. However, with so many types of flooring materials available, how do you choose the best one for your needs, preferences, and budget?

Here, we’ll help you answer that question by providing you with an informative and light-hearted guide on the different types of flooring materials, their pros and cons, and some tips on how to select the right one for your home. Whether you’re looking for durability, comfort, elegance, or affordability, we’ll help you find the perfect flooring option for your space.

What are the main types of flooring materials?

There are many types of flooring materials available, but in modern homes, you’ll see some more commonly than others. Here are some of the most popular types of flooring materials and their characteristics:


Hardwood flooring is made from solid wood planks that are milled from a single piece of timber. Hardwood flooring is durable, elegant, and timeless. It can add warmth and character to any room and increase the value of your home.

Hardwood flooring is made from trees like oak, walnut, maple, and more. Each type of wood has its unique color, pattern, and hardness level. For instance, oak is known for its durability while walnut offers a rich color palette.

However, hardwood flooring is also one of the most expensive and high-maintenance options. It can be prone to scratches, dents, stains, and water damage. It also requires regular sanding and refinishing to keep its beauty and quality.

Engineered Wood

engineered hardwood flooring in a kitchen, types of flooring materials

Engineered wood flooring is made from multiple layers of wood or plywood that are bonded together with adhesives or heat. The top layer is usually a thin veneer of real wood that gives the appearance and feel of hardwood. Engineered wood flooring is more stable, resistant, and affordable than hardwood flooring. It can also be installed over different types of subfloors, such as concrete or existing flooring. However, engineered wood flooring can still be affected by moisture and humidity. It also has a limited lifespan and cannot be refinished as many times as hardwood flooring.


grey laminate flooring in living room, flooring types

Laminate flooring is made from high-density fiberboard (HDF) that is covered with a photographic image of wood, stone, or tile and a protective layer of resin. Laminate flooring is designed to mimic the look of natural materials at a fraction of the cost. It is also easy to install, clean, and maintain. Laminate flooring is ideal for high-traffic areas, such as living rooms, hallways, and kitchens. However, laminate flooring can also be noisy, slippery, and prone to fading and chipping. It also cannot be repaired or refinished once damaged.


Vinyl flooring is made from synthetic materials that are molded into sheets, tiles, or planks. Vinyl flooring is versatile, durable, and water-resistant. It can withstand spills, stains, scratches, and dents. It can also be installed over any type of subfloor and come in a variety of colors, patterns, and textures.

patterned vinyl flooring in bathroom

Apart from the regular vinyl flooring, there’s LVT (Luxury Vinyl Tile) that offers designs mimicking natural materials. Sheet vinyl is another option that comes in large rolls and is especially useful for spaces where budget is a concern.

Vinyl flooring is suitable for bathrooms, laundry rooms, basements, and other areas where moisture is an issue. However, vinyl flooring can also emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can affect indoor air quality and health. It can also fade or yellow over time due to exposure to sunlight or heat.


Tile flooring is made from ceramic, porcelain, or natural stone that are cut into uniform shapes and sizes. Tile flooring is elegant, durable, and easy to clean. It can resist moisture, heat, fire, and stains. It can also come in a wide range of colors, designs, and finishes.

tile floor in an open floor plan bathroom

Tile flooring is available in various natural stone tiles like marble, granite, travertine, limestone, slate, and stone tile. They’re priced per square foot. Ceramic and porcelain tiles are popular choices due to their stain-resistant nature. However, if you’re looking for a more luxurious feel, marble or granite tiles might be up your alley.

Tile flooring is ideal for bathrooms, kitchens, entryways, and other areas where style and durability are important. However, tile flooring can also be cold, hard, and slippery underfoot. It can also crack or chip if dropped or hit by heavy objects. It also requires grout lines that can harbor dirt, mold, and bacteria.

Alternative Flooring

There are other types of flooring like cork flooring, which offers a soft cushion underfoot and has insulating properties. Bamboo flooring is a sustainable choice, known for its hardness and durability. Linoleum flooring is made from natural ingredients like linseed oil and is both eco-friendly and biodegradable. For a more industrial look, concrete flooring can be both stylish and durable. For those who prefer a resilient option, especially in high-traffic areas or commercial spaces, rubber flooring offers both water-resistant and waterproof options (it’s perfect for workout rooms and gyms).

How to choose the best type of flooring material for your home?

There is no definitive answer to this question as different types of flooring materials have different advantages and disadvantages depending on your situation. However, here are some factors that you should consider when choosing the best type of flooring material for your home:

  • Your budget: The cost of flooring materials can vary widely depending on the quality, quantity, installation method, and maintenance requirements. Generally speaking, hardwood and tile are more expensive than engineered wood, laminate, and vinyl. However, you should also factor in the long-term value and durability of each option and how they affect your home’s resale value.
  • Your lifestyle: The way you use your space and the amount of traffic and wear and tear it receives can influence your choice of flooring material. For example, if you have pets or children, you might want to avoid hardwood or tile that can be easily scratched or damaged by claws or toys. Instead, you might opt for laminate or vinyl that are more resistant and forgiving. Similarly, if you have allergies or asthma, you might want to avoid carpet or vinyl that can trap dust or emit VOCs. Instead, you might prefer hardwood or tile that are easier to clean and sanitize.
  • Your preference: The aesthetic appeal and comfort level of each type of flooring material can also affect your decision. For example, if you love the natural beauty and warmth of wood, you might prefer hardwood or engineered wood over laminate or vinyl. However, if you prefer a softer and quieter surface underfoot, you might choose carpet or vinyl over tile or hardwood. Ultimately, you should choose a type of flooring material that matches your personal taste and style.

FAQ: Types of Flooring Materials

What is the most durable type of flooring material?

There is no definitive answer to this question as different types of flooring materials have different levels of durability depending on the quality, installation, and maintenance. However, generally speaking, tile, laminate, and vinyl are considered to be the most durable types of flooring materials as they can withstand moisture, heat, fire, stains, scratches, and dents. However, they can also crack or chip if dropped or hit by heavy objects. Nowadays, they make a lot of options that are scratch-proof, stain-proof, water-resistant, or water-proof so shop around for your particular needs!

What is the easiest type of flooring material to install?

There is no definitive answer to this question as different types of flooring materials have different installation methods and requirements. However, generally speaking, laminate and vinyl are considered to be the easiest types of flooring materials to install as they usually come in interlocking planks or tiles that can be snapped together without nails or glue. However, they also require a smooth and level subfloor and may need underlayment or padding for extra cushioning and insulation.

What is the most eco-friendly type of flooring material?

There is no definitive answer to this question as different types of flooring materials have different environmental impacts depending on the source, production, transportation, and disposal. However, generally speaking, natural and renewable materials such as bamboo, cork, linoleum, and wool are considered to be the most eco-friendly types of flooring materials as they are biodegradable, recyclable, and low in VOCs. However, they also require proper harvesting, processing, and certification to ensure their sustainability and quality.


Choosing the best type of flooring material for your home can be a challenging task as there are many factors to consider and many options to choose from. However, by doing some research, comparing the pros and cons of each option, and considering your budget, lifestyle, and preference, you can find the perfect flooring option for your space.

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